The Gallicas are probably the oldest of all garden roses. They were grown by the Greeks and Romans.
In the 17th century the Dutch started to breed new varieties, and later the French continued their development on a very large scale. Among them are to be found some very fine roses with magnificent mixtures of colour - particularly among the crimson, purple and mauve shades - and they have beautiful flower formation.
They form short bushy shrubs, many of which are quite suitable for small gardens.